Take our Survey

Reference: Sreekrishna K, et al. (1984) Transformation of Kluyveromyces lactis with the kanamycin (G418) resistance gene of Tn903. Gene 28(1):73-81

Reference Help

Abstract


Direct selection of Kluyveromyces lactis resistant to the antibiotic G418 following transformation with the kanamycin resistance gene of Tn903 required the development of a procedure for producing high yields of viable spheroplasts and for the isolation of autonomous replication sequences (ARS). To obtain high yields of viable spheroplasts, cells were treated with (1) a thiol-reducing agent (L-cysteine), and (2) a high concentration of an osmotic stabilizer, 1.5 M sorbitol. Several ARS-containing plasmids were selected from a K. lactis recombinant DNA library in K. lactis and in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Two of four ARS clones selected in K. lactis promoted transformation frequencies of 5-10X 10(2) G418-resistant cells/micrograms of plasmid DNA. This frequency of transformation was at least twice as high as with ARS clones selected in S. cerevisiae. The stability of ARS-containing plasmids varied; after 20 generations of growth in the presence of G418, 16-38% of the cells remained resistant to the drug. In the absence of selection pressure less than 5% of the cells retained the drug-resistance phenotype. Plasmids containing the ARS1 or 2 mu replicon of S. cerevisiae failed to transform K. lactis for G418 resistance. Inclusion of S. cerevisiae centromere, CEN4, in a K. lactis ARS recombinant plasmid did not increase the stability of the plasmid in K. lactis, and marker genes on the vector segregated predominantly 4-:0+ through meiosis. We conclude that neither the ARS sequences or the centromere of S. cerevisiae was functioning in K. lactis.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Sreekrishna K, Webster TD, Dickson RC
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference