A minichromosome maintenance (MCM) protein complex has been implicated in restricting DNA replication to once per cell cycle in Xenopus egg extracts, based on the behavior of a single protein, XMCM3. Using a two-hybrid screen with XMCM3, we have identified a novel member of the MCM family in Xenopus that is essential for DNA replication. The protein shows strong homology to Saccharomyces cerevisiae MCM7 (CDC47) and has thus been named XMCM7. XMCM7 is present in a multiprotein complex with other MCM proteins. It binds to chromatin and is displaced from chromatin by the act of replication. XMCM7 does not preferentially colocalize with sites of DNA replication but colocalizes with XMCM3 throughout replication. Immunodepletion of the MCM complex from Xenopus egg extract by anti-XMCM7 antibodies inhibits DNA replication of sperm and permeable HeLa G2 nuclei but not permeable HeLa G1 nuclei. Replication capacity of the Xenopus egg extract immunodepleted of the MCM complex by anti-XMCM7 antibody can be rescued by MCM proteins eluted from anti-XMCM3 antibody. We conclude that both proteins are present in the same complex in Xenopus egg extract throughout the cell cycle, that they remain together after binding to chromatin and during DNA replication, and that they perform similar functions.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|