Various nystatin-resistant mutants defective in S-adenosylmethionine: delta 24-sterol-C-methyltransferase (EC 18.104.22.168) were shown to possess alleles of the same gene, erg6. The genetic map location of erg6 was shown to be close to trp1 on chromosome 4. Despite the single locus for erg6, S-adenosylmethionine: delta 24-sterol-C-methyltransferase enzyme activity was found in three separate fractions: mitochondria, microsomes, and the "floating lipid layer." The amount of activity in each fraction could be manipulated by assay conditions. The lipids and lipid synthesis of mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae defective in the delta 24-sterol-C-methyltransferase were compared with a C5(6) desaturase mutant and parental wild types. No ergosterol (C28 sterol) could be detected in whole-cell sterol extracts of the erg6 mutants, the limits of detection being less than 10(-11) mol of ergosterol per 10(8) cells. The distribution of accumulated sterols by these mutants varied with growth phase and between free and esterified fractions. The steryl ester concentrations of the mutants were eight times higher than those of the wild type from exponential growth samples. However, the concentration of the ester accumulated by the mutants was not as great in stationary-phase cells. Whereas the head group phospholipid composition was the same between parental and mutant strains, strain-dependent changes in fatty acids were observed, most notably a 40% increase in the oleic acid content of phosphatidylethanolamine of one erg6 mutant, JR5.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|