We constructed hybrid proteins containing a plant alpha-galactosidase fused to various C-terminal moieties of the hypoxic Srp1p; this allowed us to identify a cell wall-bound form of Srp1p. We showed that the last 30 amino acids of Srp1p, but not the last 16, contain sufficient information to signal glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol anchor attachment and subsequent cell wall anchorage. The cell wall-bound form was shown to be linked by means of a beta1,6-glucose-containing side-chain. Pmt1p enzyme is known as a protein-O-mannosyltransferase that initiates the O-glycosidic chains on proteins. We found that a pmt1 deletion mutant was highly sensitive to zymolyase and that in this strain the alpha-galactosidase-Srp1 fusion proteins, an alpha-galactosidase-Sed1 hybrid protein and an alpha-galactosidase-alpha-agglutinin hybrid protein were absent from both the membrane and the cell wall fractions. However, the plasma membrane protein Gas1p still receives its glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol anchor in pmt1 cells, and in this mutant strain an alpha-galactosidase-Cwp2 fusion protein was found linked to the cell wall but devoid of beta1,6-glucan side-chain, indicating an alternative mechanism of cell wall anchorage.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|