During cell wall biogenesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, some glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-attached proteins are detached from GPI moieties and bound to beta-1,6-glucan of the cell wall. The amino acid sequence requirement for the incorporation of GPI-attached proteins into the cell wall was studied by using reporter fusion proteins. Only the short omega-minus region composed of five amino acids, which is located upstream of the omega site for GPI attachment, determined the cellular localization of the GPI-associated proteins. Within the omega-minus region, amino acid residues at the omega-4 or -5 and omega-2 sites were important for the cell wall incorporation. Yap3p, a well characterized GPI-anchored plasma membrane aspartic protease, was localized in the cell wall when the omega-minus region was mutated to sequences containing Val or Ile at the omega-4 or -5 site and Val or Tyr at the omega-2 site.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|