The S. cerevisiae myristoyl-CoA:protein N-myristoyltransferase gene (NMT1) is essential for vegetative growth. NMT1 was found to be allelic with a previously described, but unmapped and unidentified mutation that causes myristic acid (C14:0) auxotrophy. The mutant (nmt1-181) is temperature sensitive, but growth at the restrictive temperature (36 degrees C) is rescued with exogenous C14:0. Several analogues of myristate with single oxygen or sulfur for methylene group substitutions partially complement the phenotype, while others inhibit growth even at the permissive temperature (24 degrees C). Cerulenin, a fatty acid synthetase inhibitor, also prevents growth of the mutant at 24 degrees C. Complementation of growth at 36 degrees C by exogenous fatty acids is blocked by a mutation affecting the acyl:CoA synthetase gene. The nmt1-181 allele contains a single missense mutation of the 455 residue acyltransferase that results in a Gly451----Asp substitution. Analyses of several intragenic suppressors suggest that Gly451 is critically involved in NMT catalysis. In vitro kinetic studies with purified mutant enzyme revealed a 10-fold increase in the apparent Km for myristoyl-CoA at 36 degrees C, relative to wild-type, that contributes to an observed 200-fold reduction in catalytic efficiency. Together, the data indicate that nmt-181 represents a sensitive reporter of the myristoyl-CoA pools utilized by NMT.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|