Rat7p/Nup159p is an essential nucleoporin of Sac-charomyces cerevisiae originally isolated in a genetic screen designed to identify yeast temperature-sensitive mutants defective in mRNA export. Here we describea detailed structural-functional analysis of Rat7p/Nup159p. The mutation in the rat7-1 ts allele, isolated in the original genetic screen, was found to be a single base pair change that created a stop codon approximately 100 amino acids upstream of the actual stop codon of this 1,460 amino acid polypeptide, thus eliminating one of the two predicted coiled-coil regions located near the carboxyl terminus of the protein. These coiled-coil regions are essential since an allele lacking both coiled-coil regions was unable to support growth under any conditions. In contrast, no other region of the protein was absolutely required. The SAFG/PSFG repeat region in the central third of the protein was completely dispensable for growth at temperatures between 16 degrees C and 37 degrees C and cells expressing this mutant allele were indistinguishable from wild type. Deletion of the amino-terminal third of the protein, upstream from the repeat region, or the portion between the repeat region and the coiled-coils resulted in temperature-sensitivity, but the two alleles showed distinct phenotypes with respect to the behavior of nuclear pore complexes (NPCs). Taken together, our data suggest that Rat7p/Nup159p is anchored within the NPC through its coiled-coil region and adjacent sequences. In addition, we postulate that the N-terminal third of Rat7p/Nup159p plays an important role in mRNA export.
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|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
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