Yeast possess two homologs of the synaptobrevin family of vesicle-associated membrane proteins that function in membrane recognition and vesicle fusion. Yeast proteins Snc1 and Snc2 localize to secretory vesicles and are required for constitutive exocytosis. They also form a physical complex with a plasma membrane protein, Sec9, which is necessary for vesicle docking and fusion to occur in vivo. Formation of this molecular complex, as a prerequisite for vesicle fusion, appears to have been conserved evolutionarily. Here we demonstrate that Snc proteins undergo a single posttranslational modification with the addition of a palmitate moiety to Cys-95 in Snc1. Modification of Cys-95 (which is located proximal to the transmembrane domain) is rapid, occurs in the endoplasmic reticulum, and is long-lasting. Mutation of Cys-95 to Ser-95 blocks palmitoylation and appears to affect Snc protein stability. This provides evidence that synaptobrevin-like proteins are modified posttranslationally, and we predict that fatty acylation may be common to those found in higher eukaryotes.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|