Reference: Couve A, et al. (1995) Yeast synaptobrevin homologs are modified posttranslationally by the addition of palmitate. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 92(13):5987-91

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Abstract


Yeast possess two homologs of the synaptobrevin family of vesicle-associated membrane proteins that function in membrane recognition and vesicle fusion. Yeast proteins Snc1 and Snc2 localize to secretory vesicles and are required for constitutive exocytosis. They also form a physical complex with a plasma membrane protein, Sec9, which is necessary for vesicle docking and fusion to occur in vivo. Formation of this molecular complex, as a prerequisite for vesicle fusion, appears to have been conserved evolutionarily. Here we demonstrate that Snc proteins undergo a single posttranslational modification with the addition of a palmitate moiety to Cys-95 in Snc1. Modification of Cys-95 (which is located proximal to the transmembrane domain) is rapid, occurs in the endoplasmic reticulum, and is long-lasting. Mutation of Cys-95 to Ser-95 blocks palmitoylation and appears to affect Snc protein stability. This provides evidence that synaptobrevin-like proteins are modified posttranslationally, and we predict that fatty acylation may be common to those found in higher eukaryotes.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't | Comparative Study
Authors
Couve A, Protopopov V, Gerst JE
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