Proteasomes are highly complex proteases responsible for selective protein degradation in the eukaryotic cell. 26 S proteasomes consist of two regulatory 19 S cap complexes and the 20 S proteasome, which acts as the proteolytic core module. We isolated six mutants of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae containing mutations in the 20 S proteasome beta-type subunit Pre3. Three mutations (pre3-2, pre3-3, and pre3-5) which reside at the active site cleft of the Pre3 subunit solely caused reduction of the proteasomal peptidylglutamyl peptide-hydrolyzing activity but did not lead to detectable defects in protein degradation nor to any other phenotype. However, the pre3-2 mutation strengthened phenotypes induced by other 20 S proteasomal mutations, indicating that the peptidylglutamyl peptide-hydrolyzing activity has to fulfill some rescue functions. The other three mutations (pre3-1, pre3-4, and pre3-6) are located at diverse sites of the Pre3 protein and caused multiple defects in proteasomal peptide cleaving activities. pre3-1 and pre3-6 mutants exhibited significant defects in proteasomal protein degradation; they accumulated ubiquitinated proteins and stabilized defined substrate proteins as, e.g. fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase. In addition, pre3-1 and pre3-6 mutant cells exhibited pleiotropic phenotypes as temperature sensitivity and cell cycle-related effects.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|