Mitochondrial NADH-cytochrome b5 reductase (Mcr1p) is encoded by a single nuclear gene and imported into two different submitochondrial compartments: the outer membrane and the intermembrane space. We now show that the amino-terminal 47 amino acids suffice to target the Mcr1 protein to both destinations. The first 12 residues of this sequence function as a weak matrix-targeting signal; the remaining residues are mostly hydrophobic and serve as an intramitochondrial sorting signal for the outer membrane and the intermembrane space. A double point mutation within the hydrophobic region of the targeting sequence virtually abolishes the ability of the precursor to be inserted into the outer membrane but increases the efficiency of transport into the intermembrane space. Import of Mcr1p into the intermembrane space requires an electrochemical potential across the inner membrane, as well as ATP in the matrix, and is strongly impaired in mitochondria lacking Tom7p or Tim11p, two components of the translocation machineries in the outer and inner mitochondrial membranes, respectively. These results indicate that intramitochondrial sorting of the Mcr1 protein is mediated by specific interactions between the bipartite targeting sequence and components of both mitochondrial translocation systems.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|