Take our Survey

Reference: Takagaki Y and Manley JL (1997) RNA recognition by the human polyadenylation factor CstF. Mol Cell Biol 17(7):3907-14

Reference Help

Abstract


Polyadenylation of mammalian mRNA precursors requires at least two signal sequences in the RNA: the nearly invariant AAUAAA, situated 5' to the site of polyadenylation, and a much more variable GU- or U-rich downstream element. At least some downstream sequences are recognized by the heterotrimeric polyadenylation factor CstF, although how, and indeed if, all variations of this diffuse element are bound by a single factor is unknown. Here we show that the RNP-type RNA binding domain of the 64-kDa subunit of CstF (CstF-64) (64K RBD) is sufficient to define a functional downstream element. Selection-amplification (SELEX) experiments employing a glutathione S-transferase (GST)-64K RBD fusion protein selected GU-rich sequences that defined consensus recognition motifs closely matching those present in natural poly(A) sites. Selected sequences were bound specifically, and with surprisingly high affinities, by intact CstF and were functional in reconstituted, CstF-dependent cleavage assays. Our results also indicate that GU- and U-rich sequences are variants of a single CstF recognition motif. For comparison, SELEX was performed with a GST fusion containing the RBD from the apparent yeast homolog of CstF-64, RNA15. Strikingly, although the two RBDs are almost 50% identical and yeast poly(A) signals are at least as degenerate as the mammalian downstream element, a nearly invariant 12-base U-rich sequence distinct from the CstF-64 consensus was identified. We discuss these results in terms of the function and evolution of mRNA 3'-end signals.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Authors
Takagaki Y, Manley JL
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference