The BCS1 protein is anchored in the mitochondrial inner membrane via a single transmembrane domain and has an N(out)-C(in) topology. Unlike the majority of nuclear encoded mitochondrial preproteins, the BCS1 protein does not contain an N-terminal targeting sequence. A positively charged segment of amino acids which is located immediately C-terminal to the transmembrane domain acts as an internal targeting signal. In order to function, we postulate that this sequence co-operates with the transmembrane domain to form a tight hairpin loop structure. This loop is translocated across the inner membrane via the MIM/mt-Hsp70 machinery in a membrane potential-dependent manner. This novel mechanism of import and sorting of the BCS1 protein is proposed to represent a more general mechanism used by a number of inner membrane proteins.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|