Reference: Seedorf M and Silver PA (1997) Importin/karyopherin protein family members required for mRNA export from the nucleus. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 94(16):8590-5

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Abstract


The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae contains three proteins (Kap104p, Pse1p, and Kap123p) that share similarity to the 95-kDa beta subunit of the nuclear transport factor importin (also termed karyopherin and encoded by KAP95/RSL1 in yeast). Proteins that contain nuclear localization sequences are recognized in the cytoplasm and delivered to the nucleus by the heterodimeric importin complex. A second importin-related protein, transportin, delivers a subset of heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins (hnRNPs) to the nucleoplasm. We now show that in contrast to loss of importin beta (Kap95p/Rsl1p) and transportin (Kap104p), conditional loss of Pse1p in a strain lacking Kap123p results in a specific block of mRNA export from the nucleus. Overexpression of Sxm1p, a protein related to Cse1p in yeast and to the human cellular apoptosis susceptibility protein, relieves the defects of cells lacking Pse1p and Kap123p. Thus, a major role of Pse1p, Kap123p, and Sxm1p may be nuclear export rather than import, suggesting a symmetrical relationship between these processes.

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Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Authors
Seedorf M, Silver PA
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