The GCS1 gene of the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae mediate the resumption of cell proliferation from the starved, stationary-phase state. Here we identify yeast genes that, in increased dosages, overcome the growth defect of gcs1 delta mutant cells. Among these are YCK1 (CK12) and YCK2 (CKI1), encoding membrane-associated casein kinase I, and YCK3, encoding a novel casein kinase I isoform. Some Yck3p gene product was found associated with the plasma membrane, like Yck1p and Yck2p, but most confractionated with the nucleus, like another yeast casein kinase I isoform, Hrr25p. Genetic studies showed that YCK3 and HRR25 constitute an essential gene family and that Yck3p can weakly substitute for Yck1p-Yck2p. For gcs1 delta suppression, both a protein kinase domain and a C-terminal prenylation motif were shown to be necessary. An impairment in endocytosis was found for gcs1 delta mutant cells, which was alleviated by an increased YCK2 gene dosage. The ability of an increased casein kinase I gene dosage to suppress the effects caused by the absence of Gcs1p suggests that Gcs1p and Yck1p-Yck2p affect parallel pathways.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|