The Saccharomyces cerevisiae U6 RNA gene (SNR6), which is transcribed by RNA polymerase III, has an unusual combination of promoter elements: an upstream TATA box, an intragenic A block, and a downstream B block. In tRNA genes, the A and B blocks are binding sites for the transcription initiation factor TFIIIC, which positions TFIIIB a fixed distance upstream of the A block. However, in vitro transcription of SNR6 with purified components requires neither TFIIIC nor the A and B blocks, presumably because TFIIIB recognizes the upstream sequences directly. Here we demonstrate that TFIIIB placement on SNR6 in vivo is directed primarily by the TFIIIC-binding elements rather than by upstream sequences. We show that the A block is a stronger start site determinant than the upstream sequences when the two are uncoupled by an insertion mutation. Furthermore, while TFIIIC-independent in vitro transcription of SNR6 is highly sensitive to TATA box point mutations, in vivo initiation on SNR6 is only marginally sensitive to such mutations unless the A block is mutated. Intriguingly, a deletion downstream of the U6 RNA coding region that reduces A-to-B block spacing also increases in vivo dependence on the TATA box. Moreover, this deletion results in the appearance of micrococcal nuclease-hypersensitive sites in the TFIIIB chromatin footprint, indicating that TFIIIB binding is disrupted by a mutation 150 bp distant. This and additional chromatin footprinting data suggest that SNR6 is assembled into a nucleoprotein complex that facilitates the TFIIIC-dependent binding of TFIIIB.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|