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Reference: Izawa S, et al. (1999) Thioredoxin deficiency causes the constitutive activation of Yap1, an AP-1-like transcription factor in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. J Biol Chem 274(40):28459-65

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Abstract

Yap1 is a transcription factor that responds to oxidative stress in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The activity of Yap1 is regulated at the level of its intracellular localization, and a cysteine-rich domain at the C terminus of Yap1 is involved in this regulation. We investigated the effects of redox-regulatory proteins, thioredoxin and glutaredoxin, on the regulation of Yap1, using the deficient mutants of these thiol-disulfide oxidoreductases. In the thioredoxin-deficient mutant (trx1Delta/trx2Delta), Yap1 was constitutively concentrated in the nucleus and the level of expression of the Yap1 target genes was high under normal conditions, while this was not the case for the glutaredoxin-deficient mutant (grx1Delta/grx2Delta). No distinct difference was observed in the levels of Yap1 protein between the wild type and trx1Delta/trx2Delta. The constitutive activation of Yap1 in trxDelta/trx2Delta was observed under aerobic conditions but not under anaerobic conditions. These findings suggest that thioredoxin has negative effects on this regulation via the redox states. We also show the synthetic lethality between yap1Delta and trx1Delta/trx2Delta mutation, but the yap1Delta/grx1Delta/grx2Delta triple mutant was viable, suggesting a difference of the functions between thioredoxin and glutaredoxin and a genetic interaction between Yap1 and thioredoxin in vivo.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Izawa S, Maeda K, Sugiyama K, Mano J, Inoue Y, Kimura A
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