The gene of the proteinase yscA inhibitor IA3, PAI3, of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae was isolated by oligonucleotide screening of a genomic DNA library and sequenced. The gene codes for a single protein of 68 amino acids. The structural PAI3 gene was deleted in vitro by oligonucleotide-site-directed mutagenesis. The mutated allele was introduced via homologous recombination into the genome of wild-type yeast and into the genome of a yeast mutant, which lacks the second cytoplasmic proteinase-inhibitor, IB2. The deficiency of either or of both inhibitors has no effect on the cell viability under various physiological conditions. The inhibitor mutants, however, show an increase in the general in vivo protein degradation rate. The IA3 mutant has a 2-3-fold increased protein degradation rate in the first 6 h after a shift from rich medium onto starvation-medium, whereas the IB2 mutant shows a constantly increased degradation rate of 20-50% under the same conditions. The inhibitor double null mutant has the same protein degradation rate as the IA3 null mutant. These results suggest an in vivo interaction between the vacuolor endopeptidases and their cytoplasmic inhibitors.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|