From the amino acid sequence of yeast cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIII published previously (Power, S. D., Lochrie, M.A., Patterson, T.E., and Poyton, R.C. (1984) J. Biol. Chem. 259, 6571-6574), we have synthesized a pair of oligonucleotide probes and used them to identify COX8, its structural gene. By genomic Southern blot analysis and disruption of the COX8 chromosomal locus, we have shown that this gene is present in one copy per haploid genome and that its product, subunit VIII, is essential for maximal levels of cellular respiration and cytochrome c oxidase activity. Alignment of the amino acid sequence predicted from the DNA sequence of COX8 with the determined amino acid sequence of subunit VIII indicates that mature subunit VIII is derived from a larger precursor that extends from both the NH2 and COOH termini of the mature polypeptide. Thus, like many other nuclear coded mitochondrial proteins, subunit VIII is derived from a precursor which carries a leader peptide. In addition, this precursor, like that for yeast cytochrome c oxidase subunit VIIa, appears to carry a four-amino acid "trailer peptide" at its COOH terminus.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|