tRNA splicing is essential in yeast and humans and presumably all eukaryotes. The first two steps of yeast tRNA splicing, excision of the intron by endonuclease and joining of the exons by tRNA ligase, leave a splice junction bearing a 2'-phosphate. Biochemical analysis suggests that removal of this phosphate in yeast is catalyzed by a highly specific 2'-phosphotransferase that transfers the phosphate to NAD to form ADP-ribose 1"-2" cyclic phosphate. 2'-Phosphotransferase catalytic activity is encoded by a single essential gene, TPT1, in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We show here that Tpt1 protein is responsible for the dephosphorylation step of tRNA splicing in vivo because, during nonpermissive growth, conditional lethal tpt1 mutants accumulate 2'-phosphorylated tRNAs from eight different tRNA species that are known to be spliced. We show also that several of these tRNAs are undermodified at the splice junction residue, which is always located at the hypermodified position one base 3' of the anticodon. This result is consistent with previous results indicating that modification of the hypermodified position occurs after intron excision in the tRNA processing pathway, and implies that modification normally follows the dephosphorylation step of tRNA splicing in vivo.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|