The Saccharomyces cerevisiae ribosomal protein rp51 is encoded by two interchangeable genes, RP51A and RP51B. We altered the RP51 gene dose by creating deletions of the RP51A or RP51B genes or both. Deletions of both genes led to spore inviability, indicating that rp51 is an essential ribosomal protein. From single deletion studies in haploid cells, we concluded that there was no intergenic dosage compensation at the level of mRNA abundance or mRNA utilization (translational efficiency), although phenotypic analysis had previously indicated a small compensation effect on growth rate. Similarly, deletions in diploid strains indicated that no strong mechanisms exist for intragenic dosage compensation; in all cases, a decreased dose of RP51 genes was characterized by a slow growth phenotype. A decreased dose of RP51 genes also led to insufficient amounts of 40S ribosomal subunits, as evidenced by a dramatic accumulation of excess 60S ribosomal subunits. We conclude that inhibition of 40S synthesis had little or no effect on the synthesis of the 60S subunit components. Addition of extra copies of rp51 genes led to extra rp51 protein synthesis. The additional rp51 protein was rapidly degraded. We propose that rp51 and perhaps many ribosomal proteins are normally oversynthesized, but the unassembled excess is degraded, and that the apparent compensation seen in haploids, i.e., the fact that the growth rate of mutant strains is less depressed than the actual reduction in mRNA, is a consequence of this excess which is spared from proteolysis under this circumstance.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|