Reference: Cherest H, et al. (1973) Effects of regulatory mutations upon methionine biosynthesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae: loci eth2-eth3-eth10. J Bacteriol 115(3):1084-93

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Abstract

The effects of mutations occurring at three independent loci, eth2, eth3, and eth10, were studied on the basis of several criteria: level of resistance towards two methionine analogues (ethionine and selenomethionine), pool sizes of free methionine and S-adenosyl methionine (SAM) under different growth conditions, and susceptibility towards methionine-mediated repression and SAM-mediated repression of some enzymes involved in methionine biosynthesis (met group I enzymes). It was shown that: (i) the level of resistance towards both methionine analogues roughly correlates with the amount of methionine accumulated in the pool; (ii) the repressibility of met group I enzymes by exogenous methionine is either abolished or greatly lowered, depending upon the mutation studied; (iii) the repressibility of the same enzymes by exogenous SAM remains, in at least three mutants studied, close to that observed in a wild-type strain; (iv) the accumulation of SAM does not occur in the most extreme mutants either from endogenously overproduced or from exogenously supplied methionine: (v) the two methionine-activating enzymes, methionyl-transfer ribonucleic acid (tRNA) synthetase and methionine adenosyl transferase, do not seem modified in any of the mutants presented here; and (vi) the amount of tRNA(met) and its level of charging are alike in all strains. Thus, the three recessive mutations presented here affect methionine-mediated repression, both at the level of overall methionine biosynthesis which results in its accumulation in the pool, and at the level of the synthesis of met group I enzymes. The implications of these findings are discussed.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Cherest H, Surdin-Kerjan Y, Antoniewski J, Robichon-Szulmajster h de
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