Reference: Komano H, et al. (1999) Purification and characterization of the yeast glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored, monobasic-specific aspartyl protease yapsin 2 (Mkc7p). J Biol Chem 274(34):24431-7

Reference Help

Abstract


The Saccharomyces cerevisiae YPS2 (formerly MKC7) gene product is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-linked aspartyl protease that functions as a yeast secretase. Here, the glycosylphosphatidylinositol-linked form of yapsin 2 (Mkc7p) was purified to homogeneity from the membrane fraction of an overexpressing yeast strain. Purified yapsin 2 migrated diffusely in SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (molecular mass approximately 200 kDa), suggesting extensive, heterogeneous glycosylation. Studies using internally quenched fluorogenic peptide substrates revealed cleavage by the enzyme carboxyl to Lys or Arg. No cleavage was seen when both Lys and Arg were absent. No significant enhancement was seen with multiple basic residues. However, cleavage always occurred carboxyl to the most COOH-terminal basic residue. V(max)/K(m) was insensitive to P(2) and P(3) residues except that Pro at P(2) blocked cleavage entirely. These results suggest that yapsin 2 is a monobasic amino acid-specific protease that requires a basic residue at P(1) and excludes basic residues from P(1)'. The pH dependence of V(max)/K(m) for a substrate containing a pro-alpha factor cleavage site was bell-shaped, with a maximum near pH 4.0. However, V(max)/K(m) for a substrate mimicking the alpha-secretase site in human beta amyloid precursor protein was optimal near pH 6.0, consistent with cleavage of beta amyloid precursor protein by yapsin 2 when expressed in yeast.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Komano H, Rockwell N, Wang GT, Krafft GA, Fuller RS
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference