We have cloned and sequenced the yeast SNR19 gene and show here that snR19 is the yeast homolog of metazoan U1 snRNA. sn R19 is 569 nucleotides long, strikingly larger than its metazoan counterpart. The two molecules resemble each other closely in the predicted secondary structure of their first 50 nucleotides. Primary sequence homology is restricted to some of their single-stranded regions, including 11 consecutive nucleotides at the 5' end of the two molecules, the region that interacts with pre-mRNA 5' splice junctions. snR19 is spliceosome-associated and required for in vitro pre-mRNA splicing. We also note that 8 sequences in snR19 have extensive complementarity to snR20, the large yeast U2 RNA, suggesting that yeast U1 may interact with yeast U2 by base-pairing.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|