RAP1 is a sequence-specific DNA-binding protein essential for cell growth. The occurrence of RAP1-binding sites in many promoter regions, the mating-type gene silencer elements, and telomeres suggests that RAP1 has multiple functions in the cell. To assess its role in transcription, temperature-sensitive mutations in RAP1 were generated. Analysis of rap1ts strains provides evidence that RAP1 functions in both transcriptional activation and silencing of mating-type genes. Several observations indicate that rap1ts strains are defective in the expression of MAT alpha, whose upstream activation sequence (UAS) contains a RAP1-binding site. At nonpermissive temperatures, decreases in MAT alpha steady-state transcript levels can be detected in MAT alpha rap1ts strains. Furthermore, these strains are deficient in alpha-pheromone production and simultaneously express at least two alpha-specific genes. These phenotypes can be reversed by replacing the RAP1-binding site at MAT alpha with a binding site for the GAL4 transcriptional activator. Certain rap1ts alleles have an opposite effect on the silent mating-type locus HMR, which becomes partially derepressed at nonpermissive temperatures.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|