A dominant mutation (DAF2-2) resulting in resistance to the mating pheromone alpha-factor in Saccharomyces cerevisiae MATa cells was identified and characterized genetically. Whereas wild-type cells induce a high level of the FUS1 mRNA from a low baseline on exposure to alpha-factor, DAF2-2 cells were constitutive producers of an intermediate level of FUS1 RNA; the level was increased only modestly by alpha-factor. FUS1 constitutivity required STE4, STE5 and STE18, but did not require STE2, the alpha-factor receptor gene. DAF2-2 suppressed the alpha-factor supersensitivity of a STE2 C-terminal truncation, and suppressed lethality due to scg1 mutations. Thus DAF2-2 may act by uncoupling the signaling pathway from alpha-factor binding at some point in the pathway between Scg1 inactivation and the action of Ste4, Ste5 and Ste18; this uncoupling might occur at the expense of partial constitutive activation of the pathway. DAF2-2 suppressed the unconditional cell-cycle arrest phenotype of a dominant "constitutive signaling" allele of STE4 (STE4Hpl), although the constitutive FUS1 phenotype of DAF2-2 was suppressed by ste4 null mutations; therefore DAF2-2 may directly affect the performance of the STE4 step.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|