The expression of most nitrogen catabolic genes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is regulated at the level of transcription in response to the quality of nitrogen source available. This regulation is accomplished through four GATA-family transcription factors: two positively acting factors capable of transcriptional activation (Gln3p and Gat1p) and two negatively acting factors capable of down-regulating Gln3p- and/or Gat1p-dependent transcription (Dal80p and Deh1p). Current understanding of nitrogen-responsive transcriptional regulation is the result of extensive analysis of genes required for the catabolism of small molecules, e.g., amino acids, allantoin, or ammonia. However, cells contain another, equally important source of nitrogen, intracellular protein, which undergoes rapid turnover during special circumstances such as entry into stationary phase, and during sporulation. Here we show that the expression of some (CPS1, PEP4, PRB1, and LAP4) but not all (PRC1) vacuolar protease genes is nitrogen catabolite repression sensitive and is regulated by the GATA-family proteins Gln3p, Gat1p, and Dal80p. These observations extend the global participation of GATA-family transcription factors to include not only well-studied genes associated with the catabolism of small nitrogenous compounds but also genes whose products are responsible for the turnover of intracellular macromolecules. They also point to the usefulness of considering control of the nitrogen-responsive GATA factors when studying the regulation of the protein turnover machinery.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|