Yeast Rnt1 is a member of the double-stranded RNA (dsRNA)-specific RNase III family identified by conserved dsRNA binding (dsRBD) and nuclease domains. Comparative sequence analyses have revealed an additional N-terminal domain unique to the eukaryotic homologues of RNase III. The deletion of this domain from Rnt1 slowed growth and led to mild accumulation of unprocessed 25S pre-rRNA. In vitro, deletion of the N-terminal domain reduced the rate of RNA cleavage under physiological salt concentration. Size exclusion chromatography and cross-linking assays indicated that the N-terminal domain and the dsRBD self-interact to stabilize the Rnt1 homodimer. In addition, an interaction between the N-terminal domain and the dsRBD was identified by a two-hybrid assay. The results suggest that the eukaryotic N-terminal domain of Rnt1 ensures efficient dsRNA cleavage by mediating the assembly of optimum Rnt1-RNA ribonucleoprotein complex.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|