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Reference: Mason N, et al. (2000) Elongation arrest is a physiologically important function of signal recognition particle. EMBO J 19(15):4164-74

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Abstract

Signal recognition particle (SRP) targets proteins for co-translational insertion through or into the endoplasmic reticulum membrane. Mammalian SRP slows nascent chain elongation by the ribosome during targeting in vitro. This 'elongation arrest' activity requires the SRP9/14 subunit of the particle and interactions of the C-terminus of SRP14. We have purified SRP from Saccharomyces cerevisiae and demonstrated that it too has elongation arrest activity. A yeast SRP containing Srp14p truncated at its C-terminus (delta C29) did not maintain elongation arrest, was substantially deficient in promoting translocation and interfered with targeting by wild-type SRP. In vivo, this mutation conferred a constitutive defect in the coupling of protein translation and translocation and temperature-sensitive growth, but only a slight defect in protein translocation. In combination, these data indicate that the primary defect in SRP delta C29 is in elongation arrest, and that this is a physiologically important and conserved function of eukaryotic SRP.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Mason N, Ciufo LF, Brown JD
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