The Saccharomyces cerevisiae SWI-SNF complex is a 2-MDa protein assembly that is required for the function of many transcriptional activators. Here we describe experiments on the role of the SWI-SNF complex in activation of transcription by the yeast activator GAL4. We find that while SWI-SNF activity is not required for the GAL4 activator to bind to and activate transcription from nucleosome-free binding sites, the complex is required for GAL4 to bind to and function at low-affinity, nucleosomal binding sites in vivo. This SWI-SNF dependence can be overcome by (i) replacing the low-affinity sites with higher-affinity, consensus GAL4 binding sequences or (ii) placing the low-affinity sites into a nucleosome-free region. These results define the criteria for the SWI-SNF dependence of gene expression and provide the first in vivo evidence that the SWI-SNF complex can regulate gene expression by modulating the DNA binding of an upstream activator protein.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|