Mutation of YME genes in yeast results in a high rate of mitochondrial DNA escape to the nucleus. The synthetic respiratory growth defect of yme1 yme2 yeast strains is suppressed by recessive mutations in YNT20. Inactivation of YNT20 creates a cold-sensitive respiratory growth defect that is more pronounced in a yme1 background and which is suppressed by yme2. Inactivation of YNT20 causes a qualitative reduction in the rate of mitochondrial DNA escape in yme1, but not yme2, strains, suggesting that YNT20 plays a role in the yme1-mediated mitochondrial DNA escape pathway. YNT20p is a soluble mitochondrial protein that belongs to a subfamily of putative 3'-5' exonucleases. Furthermore, conserved sequence elements in Yme2p suggest that this protein may also function as an exonuclease.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|