Reference: Dancis A, et al. (1990) Genetic evidence that ferric reductase is required for iron uptake in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mol Cell Biol 10(5):2294-301

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Abstract


The requirement for a reduction step in cellular iron uptake has been postulated, and the existence of plasma membrane ferric reductase activity has been described in both procaryotic and eucaryotic cells. In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, there is an externally directed reductase activity that is regulated by the concentration of iron in the growth medium; maximal activity is induced by iron starvation. We report here the isolation of a mutant of S. cerevisiae lacking the reductase activity. This mutant is deficient in the uptake of ferric iron and is extremely sensitive to iron deprivation. Genetic analysis of the mutant demonstrates that the reductase and ferric uptake deficiencies are due to a single mutation that we designate fre1-1. Both phenotypes cosegregate in meiosis, corevert with a frequency of 10(-7), and are complemented by a 3.5-kilobase fragment of genomic DNA from wild-type S. cerevisiae. This fragment contains FRE1, the wild-type allele of the mutant gene. The level of the gene transcript is regulated by iron in the same was as the reductase activity. The ferrous ion product of the reductase must traverse the plasma membrane. A high-affinity (Km = 5 microM) ferrous uptake system is present in both wild-type and mutant cells. Thus, iron uptake in S. cerevisiae is mediated by two plasma membrane components, a reductase and a ferrous transport system.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Dancis A, Klausner RD, Hinnebusch AG, Barriocanal JG
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