The PMA1 H(+)-ATPase can be functionally replaced by its isoform PMA2 in the plasma membrane from Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Supply, P., Wach, A., Thines-Sempoux, D., and Goffeau, A. (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268, 19744-19752). From strains expressing either only PMA1 or PMA2, plasma membranes were isolated and their ATPase activities compared. Despite their 89% identity, the two enzymes differ as to the following parameters: activation by glucose and by Triton X-100, pH optimum, requirement for divalent cations, and inhibition by vanadate and by erythrosin B. More striking, the glucose-activated PMA2 enzyme displays a three to four times higher apparent affinity for MgATP, and maximal activity is reached with a 10-fold lower free Mg2+ concentration. These results suggest that the difference in PMA1 and PMA2 expression level is correlated with different H(+)-ATPase functions. The analysis of the PMA1 and PMA2 sequence alignment, compared with reported PMA1 mutations, points to a few residue substitutions as putative contributors to the observed kinetic changes.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|