Take our Survey

Reference: Chen XJ and Clark-Walker GD (2000) The petite mutation in yeasts: 50 years on. Int Rev Cytol 194:197-238

Reference Help

Abstract

Fifty years ago it was reported that baker's yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, can form "petite colonie" mutants when treated with the DNA-targeting drug acriflavin. To mark the jubilee of studies on cytoplasmic inheritance, a review of the early work will be presented together with some observations on current developments. The primary emphasis is to address the questions of how loss of mtDNA leads to lethality (rho 0-lethality) in petite-negative yeasts and how S. cerevisiae tolerates elimination of mtDNA. Recent investigation have revealed that rho 0-lethality can be suppressed by specific mutations in the alpha, beta, and gamma subunits of the mitochondrial F1-ATPase of the petite-negative yeast Kluyveromyces lactis and by the nuclear ptp alleles in Schizosaccharomyces pombe. In contrast, inactivation of genes coding for F1-ATPase alpha and beta subunits and disruption of AAC2, PGS1/PEL1, and YME1 genes in S. cerevisiae convert this petite-positive yeast into a petite-negative form. Studies on nuclear genes affecting dependence on mtDNA have provided important insight into the functions provided by the mitochondrial genome and the maintenance of structural and functional integrity of the mitochondrial inner membrane.

Reference Type
Historical Article | Journal Article | Review | Review, Academic
Authors
Chen XJ, Clark-Walker GD
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations

Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference