Switching of mating type in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is directional; MAT alpha cells recombine to transfer information from HMRa while MATa cells switch using the silent cassette at HML alpha. Genetic analysis recently has defined a 700 bp recombination enhancer approximately 29 kb from the left end of chromosome III that is necessary for directionality. The chromatin structure of this region differs strikingly in a- and alpha-cells. Mat alpha2p organizes a 3.7 kb chromatin domain that opposes interaction of trans-acting proteins with the enhancer. In a-cells lacking the alpha2 repressor, two footprinted regions flank an approximately 100 bp section having a unique DNA structure. This structural signature probably reflects interactions of proteins that result in directional mating type switching.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|