Reference: Masurekar M, et al. (1981) Misreading of the ribosomal suppressor SUP46 due to an altered 40 S subunit in yeast. J Mol Biol 147(3):381-90

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Abstract

The dominant suppressor, SUP46, in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae acts on a wide range of different types of mutations. The incorporation of phenylalanine and the misincorporation of leucine in a cell-free system programmed with poly(U) indicated that the ribosomes from a SUP46 strain produce abnormally high rates of translation errors. Furthermore, the cell-free translation system was used to demonstrate that the SUP46 defect resides in the 40 S ribosomal subunit. The growth of SUP46 strains was shown to be unusually sensitive to paromomycin, an aminoglycoside antibiotic that is known to induce translation errors. In addition, paromomycin stimulated mistranslation with SUP46 ribosomes to a greater extent than with normal ribosomes. These results indicate that SUP46 suppression is caused by increased translation errors as a result of the mutationally altered 40 S ribosomal subunit. Paromomycin appears to produce translation errors in SUP46 strains at rates that are too high for cellular growth.

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Journal Article | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Authors
Masurekar M, Palmer E, Ono BI, Wilhelm JM, Sherman F
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