The Saccharomyces cerevisiae GPA1 gene encodes a protein highly homologous to the alpha subunit of mammalian G proteins and is essential for haploid cell growth. We have selected 77 mutants able to suppress the lethality resulting from disruption of GPA1 (gpa1::HIS3). Two strains bearing either of two recessive mutations, sgp1 and sgp2, in combination with the disruption mutation, showed a cell type nonspecific sterile phenotype, yet expressed the major alpha-factor gene (MF alpha 1) as judged by the ability to express a MF alpha 1-lacZ fusion gene. The sgp1 mutation was closely linked to gpa1::HIS3 and probably occurred at the GPA1 locus. The sgp2 mutation was not linked to GPA1 and was different from the previously identified cell type nonspecific sterile mutations (ste4, ste5, ste7, ste11 and ste12). sgp2 GPA1 cells showed a fertile phenotype, indicating that the mating defect caused by sgp2 is associated with the loss of GPA1 function. While expression of a FUS1-lacZ fusion gene was induced in wild-type cells by the addition of alpha-factor, mutants bearing sgp1 or sgp2 as well as gpa1::HIS3 constitutively expressed FUS1-lacZ. These observations suggest that GPA1 (SGP1) and SGP2 are involved in mating factor-mediated signal transduction, which causes both cell cycle arrest in the late G1 phase and induction of genes necessary for mating such as FUS1.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|