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Reference: Hemrika W, et al. (1994) The C-terminus of the 14-kDa subunit of ubiquinol-cytochrome-c oxidoreductase of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is involved in the assembly of a functional enzyme. Eur J Biochem 220(2):569-76

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Abstract


Disruption of QCR7, the gene encoding the 14-kDa subunit of ubiquinol-cytochrome-c oxido-reductase of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, results in an inactive enzyme which lacks holo-cytochrome b and has severely reduced levels of apo-cytochrome b, the Rieske Fe-S protein and the 11-kDa subunit [Schoppink, P. J., Berden, J. A. & Grivell, L. A. (1989) Eur. J. Biochem. 181, 475-483]. An episomal system was developed to study the effect on complex III of transformation of in vitro mutagenised QCR7 genes to a QCR7(0) mutant. Transformation of a gene (TNT1) in which the 12 C-terminal residues are replaced by 3 amino acids encoded by an oligonucleotide containing a stop codon in all three reading frames (STOP-oligonucleotide), only leads to partial complementation of the respiratory capacity of the yeast strain. The amounts of apo-cytochrome b, the Rieske Fe-S protein and the 11-kDa subunit are reduced and enzymic activity, together with the amount of holo-cytochrome b, is lowered to about 40% of that of the wild type, indicating a normal turnover number of the mutant enzyme. Transformation of the QCR7(0) mutant with another gene (TNT2) encoding the first 96 residues of the 14-kDa subunit fused to 9 amino acids encoded by the STOP-oligonucleotide, leads to a phenotype almost indistinguishable from that of the QCR7(0) mutant. The role of the charged C-terminus of the 14-kDa (and the 11-kDa) subunit in the assembly of a functional complex III is discussed.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Hemrika W, De Jong M, Berden JA, Grivell LA
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