Sen1p from Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a nucleic acid helicase related to DEAD box RNA helicases and type I DNA helicases. The temperature-sensitive sen1-1 mutation located in the helicase motif alters the accumulation of pre-tRNAs, pre-rRNAs, and some small nuclear RNAs. In this report, we show that cells carrying sen1-1 exhibit altered accumulation of several small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) immediately upon temperature shift. Using Northern blotting, RNase H cleavage, primer extension, and base compositional analysis, we detected three forms of the snoRNA snR13 in wild-type cells: an abundant TMG-capped 124-nucleotide (nt) mature form (snR13F) and two less abundant RNAs, including a heterogeneous population of approximately 1,400-nt 3'-extended forms (snR13R) and a 108-nt 5'-truncated form (snR13T) that is missing 16 nt at the 5' end. A subpopulation of snR13R contains the same 5' truncation. Newly synthesized snR13R RNA accumulates with time at the expense of snR13F following temperature shift of sen1-1 cells, suggesting a possible precursor-product relationship. snR13R and snR13T both increase in abundance at the restrictive temperature, indicating that Sen1p stabilizes the 5' end and promotes maturation of the 3' end. snR13F contains canonical C and D boxes common to many snoRNAs. The 5' end of snR13T and the 3' end of snR13F reside within C2U4 sequences that immediately flank the C and D boxes. A mutation in the 5' C2U4 repeat causes underaccumulation of snR13F, whereas mutations in the 3' C2U4 repeat cause the accumulation of two novel RNAs that migrate in the 500-nt range. At the restrictive temperature, double mutants carrying sen1-1 and mutations in the 3' C2U4 repeat show reduced accumulation of the novel RNAs and increased accumulation of snR13R RNA, indicating that Sen1p and the 3' C2U4 sequence act in a common pathway to facilitate 3' end formation. Based on these findings, we propose that Sen1p and the C2U4 repeats that flank the C and D boxes promote maturation of the 3' terminus and stability of the 5' terminus and are required for maximal rates of synthesis and levels of accumulation of mature snR13F.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|