The CCAAT binding factor CBF is a heteromeric transcription factor, which binds to functional CCAAT motifs in many eukaryotic promoters. cDNAs for the A and B subunits of CBF (CBF-A and CBF-B) and for their yeast homologues HAP3 and HAP2 have been previously isolated, but the purified recombinant CBF-A and CBF-B together are unable to bind to CCAAT motifs in DNA. Here we report the isolation of a cDNA coding for rat CBF-C, demonstrate that recombinant CBF-C is required together with CBF-A and CBF-B to form a CBF-DNA complex, and show that CBF-C is present in this protein-DNA complex together with the other two subunits. We further show that CBF-C allows formation of a complex between the purified recombinant yeast HAP2 and HAP3 polypeptides and a CCAAT-containing DNA and is present in this complex, implying the existence of a CBF-C homologue in yeast. We show that CBF-A and CBF-C interact with each other to form a CBF-A-CBF-C complex and that CBF-B does not interact with CBF-A or CBF-C individually but that it associates with the CBF-A-CBF-C complex. Our results indicate that CBF is a unique evolutionarily conserved DNA binding protein.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|