Reference: Kimura Y, et al. (2000) N(alpha)-acetylation and proteolytic activity of the yeast 20 S proteasome. J Biol Chem 275(7):4635-9

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Abstract


N(alpha)-acetylation, catalyzed co-translationally with N(alpha)-acetyltransferase (NAT), is the most common modifications of eukaryotic proteins. In yeast, there are at least three NATs: NAT1, MAK3, and NAT3. The 20 S proteasome subunits were purified from the normal strain and each of the deletion mutants, nat1, mak3, and nat3. The electrophoretic mobility of these subunits was compared by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. Shifts toward the alkaline side of the gel and unblocking of the N terminus of certain of the subunits in one or another of the mutants indicated that the alpha1, alpha2, alpha3, alpha4, alpha7, and beta3 subunits were acetylated with NAT1, the alpha5 and alpha6 subunits were acetylated with MAK3, and the beta4 subunit was acetylated with NAT3. Furthermore, the Ac-Met-Phe-Leu and Ac-Met-Phe-Arg termini of the alpha5 and alpha6 subunits, respectively, extended the known types of MAK3 substrates. Thus, nine subunits were N (alpha)-acetylated, whereas the remaining five were processed, resulting in the loss of the N-terminal region. The 20 S proteasomes derived from either the nat1 mutant or the normal strain were similar in respect to chymotrypsin-like, trypsin-like, and peptidylglutamyl peptide hydrolyzing activities in vitro, suggesting that N(alpha)-acetylation does not play a major functional role in these activities. However, the chymotrypsin-like activity in the absence of sodium dodecyl sulfate was slightly higher in the nat1 mutant than in the normal strain.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Kimura Y, Takaoka M, Tanaka S, Sassa H, Tanaka K, Polevoda B, Sherman F, Hirano H
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