The yeast SNF2 (SWI2) protein functions with SNF5, SNF6, SWI1, and SWI3 in the transcriptional activation of many differently regulated genes. These proteins appear to facilitate activation by gene-specific regulatory proteins. SNF2 is highly conserved among eukaryotes and defines a family of proteins with similarity to helicases and nucleic acid-dependent NTPases. Here, we present genetic and biochemical evidence that SNF2 has DNA-stimulated ATPase activity. Mutations in the nucleoside triphosphate (NTP)-binding motif and other conserved motifs impair SNF2 function. Swapping experiments with another member of this family indicate that the helicase-related domains are functionally interchangeable. Finally, bacterially expressed SNF2 protein has ATPase activity that is stimulated by double-stranded DNA, and mutation of the NTP-binding site abolishes this activity. Deletion analysis shows that the helicase-like region of SNF2 is necessary, but not sufficient, for transcriptional activation.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|