The first DNA joint formed in homologous recombination processes is a D-loop. Saccharomyces cerevisiae RDH54/TID1-encoded product, a Swi2/Snf2-like factor involved in recombination, is shown here to promote D-loop formation with Rad51 recombinase. Physical interaction between Rdh54 and Rad51 is functionally important because Rdh54 does not enhance the recombinase activity of the Escherichia coli RecA protein. Robust dsDNA-activated ATPase activity in Rdh54 generates unconstrained negative and positive supercoils in DNA. Efficient D-loop formation occurs with even topologically relaxed DNA, suggesting that via specific protein-protein interactions, the negative supercoils produced by Rdh54 are used by Rad51 for making DNA joints.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|