Reference: Oyedotun KS and Lemire BD (1999) The Saccharomyces cerevisiae succinate dehydrogenase anchor subunit, Sdh4p: mutations at the C-terminal lys-132 perturb the hydrophobic domain. Biochim Biophys Acta 1411(1):170-9

Reference Help

Abstract


The yeast succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) is a tetramer of non-equivalent subunits, Sdh1p-Sdh4p, that couples the oxidation of succinate to the transfer of electrons to ubiquinone. One of the membrane anchor subunits, Sdh4p, has an unusual 30 amino acid extension at the C-terminus that is not present in SDH anchor subunits of other organisms. We identify Lys-132 in the Sdh4p C-terminal region as necessary for enzyme stability, ubiquinone reduction, and cytochrome b562 assembly in SDH. Five Lys-132 substituted SDH4 genes were constructed by site-directed mutagenesis and introduced into an SDH4 knockout strain. The mutants, K132E, K132G, K132Q, K132R, and K132V were characterized in vivo for respiratory growth and in vitro for ubiquinone reduction, enzyme stability, and cytochrome b562 assembly. Only the K132R substitution, which conserves the positive charge of Lys-132, produces a wild-type enzyme. The remaining four mutants do not affect the ability of SDH to oxidize succinate in the presence of the artificial electron acceptor, phenazine methosulfate, but impair quinone reductase activity, enzyme stability, and heme insertion. Our results suggest that the presence of a positive charge on residue 132 in the C-terminus of Sdh4p is critical for establishing a stable conformation in the SDH hydrophobic domain that is compatible with ubiquinone reduction and cytochrome b562 assembly. In addition, our data suggest that heme does not play an essential role in quinone reduction.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Oyedotun KS, Lemire BD
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference