Reference: Haid A, et al. (1979) The mitochondrial COB region in yeast codes for apocytochrome b and is mosaic. Eur J Biochem 94(2):451-64

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Abstract


Mitochondrial mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae defective in cytochrome b were analyzed genetically and biochemically in order to elucidate the role of the mitochondrial genetic system in the biosynthesis of this cytochrome. The mutants mapped between OLI1 and OLI2 on mitochondrial DNA in a region called COB. A fine structure map of the COB region was constructed by rho- deletion mapping and recombination analysis. The combined genetic and biochemical data indicate that the COB region is mosaic and contains at least five distinct clusters of mutants, A-E, with A being closest to OLI2 and E being closest to OLI1. Clusters A, C and E are probably coding regions for apocytochrome b, whereas clusters B and D seem to be involved in as yet unknown functions. These conclusions rest on the following evidence. 1. Most mutants in clusters A, C and E have specifically lost cytochrome b. Many of them accumulate smaller mitochondrial translation products; some of these were identified as fragments of apocytochrome b by proteolytic fingerprinting. The molecular weight of these fragments depends on the map position of the mutant, increasing in the direction OLI2 leads to OLI1. The mutant closest to OLI1 accumulates an apocytochrome b which is slightly larger than that of wild type. 2. A mutant in cluster C exhibits a spectral absorption band of cytochrome b that is shifted 1.5 nm to the red. 3. Mutants in clusters B and D are pleiotropic. A majority of them are conditional and lack the absorption bands of both cytochrome b and cytochrome aa3; these mutants also fail to accumulate apocytochrome b and subunit I of cytochrome c oxidase and instead form a large number of abnormal translation products whose nature is unknown. 4. Zygotic complementation tests reveal at least two complementation groups: The first group includes all mutants in cluster B and the second group includes mutants in clusters (A + C + D + E).

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Journal Article
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Haid A, Schweyen RJ, Bechmann H, Kaudewitz F, Solioz M, Schatz G
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