Reference: Hampton RY and Bhakta H (1997) Ubiquitin-mediated regulation of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 94(24):12944-8

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Abstract


Regulation of the sterol-synthesizing mevalonate pathway occurs in part through feedback-regulated endoplasmic reticulum degradation of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMG-R). In yeast, the Hmg2p isozyme of HMG-R is regulated in this manner. We have tested the involvement of ubiquitination in the regulated degradation of Hmg2p, by using both genetic and direct biochemical approaches. Hmg2p degradation required the UBC7 gene, and Hmg2p protein was directly ubiquitinated. Hmg2p ubiquitination was dependent on UBC7 and was specific for the degraded yeast Hmg2p isozyme. Furthermore, Hmg2p ubiquitination was regulated by the mevalonate pathway in a manner consistent with regulation of Hmg2p stability. Thus, regulated ubiquitination appeared to be the mechanism by which Hmg2p stability is controlled in yeast. Finally, our data indicated that the feedback signal controlling Hmg2p ubiquitination and degradation was derived from farnesyl diphosphate, and thus implied conservation of an HMG-R degradation signal between yeast and mammals.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Authors
Hampton RY, Bhakta H
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