The Rab/Ypt small G proteins are essential for intracellular vesicle trafficking in mammals and yeast. The vesicle-docking process requires that Ypt proteins are located in the vesicle membrane. C-terminal geranylgeranyl anchors mediate the membrane attachment of these proteins. The Rab escort protein (REP) is essential for the recognition of Rab/Ypt small G proteins by geranylgeranyltransferase II (GGTase II) and for their delivery to acceptor membranes. What effect an alteration in the levels of prenylated Rab/Ypt proteins has on vesicle transport or other cellular processes is so far unknown. Here, we report the characterization of a yeast REP mutant, mrs6-2, in which reduced prenylation of Ypt proteins occurs even at the permissive temperature. A shift to the restrictive temperature does not alter exponential growth during the first 3 h. The amount of Sec4p, but not Ypt1p, bound to vesicle membranes is reduced 2.5 h after the shift compared with wild-type or mrs6-2 cells incubated at 25 degrees C. In addition, vesicles fail to be polarized towards the bud and small budded binucleate cells accumulate at this time point. Growth in 1 M sorbitol or overexpression of MLC1, encoding a myosin light chain able to bind the unconventional type V myosin Myo2, or of genes involved in cell wall maintenance, such as SLG1, GFA1 and LRE1, suppresses mrs6-2 thermosensitivity. Our data suggest that, at least at high temperature, a critical minimal level of Ypt protein prenylation is required for maintaining vesicle polarization.
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|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|