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Reference: Rine J, et al. (1979) A suppressor of mating-type locus mutations in Saccharomyces cerevisiae: evidence for and identification of cryptic mating-type loci. Genetics 93(4):877-901

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Abstract


A mutation has been identified that suppresses the mating and sporulation defects of all mutations in the mating-type loci of S. cerevisiae. This suppressor, sir1-1, restores mating ability to mat alpha 1 and mat alpha2 mutants and restores sporulation ability to mat alpha 2 and mata1 mutants. MATa sir1-1 strains exhibit a polar budding pattern and have reduced sensitivity to alpha-factor, both properties of a/alpha diploids. Furthermore, sir1-1 allows MATa/MATa, mat alpha 1/mat alpha/, and MAT alpha/MAT alpha strains to sporulate efficiently. All actions of sir1-1 are recessive to SIR1. The ability of sir1-1 to supply all functions necessary for mating and sporulation and its effects in a cells are explained by proposing that sir1-1 allows expression of mating type loci which are ordinarily not expressed. The ability of sir1-1 to suppress the mat alpha 1-5 mutation is dependent on the HMa gene, previously identified as required for switching of mating types from a to alpha. Thus, as predicted by the cassette model, HMa is functionally equivalent to MAT alpha since it supplies functions of MAT alpha. We propose that sir1-1 is defective in a function. Sir ("Silent-information regulator"), whose role may be to regulate expression of HMa and HM alpha.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Rine J, Strathern JN, Hicks JB, Herskowitz I
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