Saccharomyces cerevisiae proteins Cdc4 and Cdc20 contain WD40 repeats and participate in proteolytic processes. However, they are thought to act at two different stages of the cell cycle: Cdc4 is involved in the proteolysis of the Cdk inhibitor, Sic1, necessary for G(1)/S transition, while Cdc20 mediates anaphase-promoting complex-dependent degradation of anaphase inhibitor Pds1, a process necessary for the onset of chromosome segregation. We have isolated three mutant alleles of CDC4 (cdc4-10, cdc4-11, and cdc4-16) which suppress the nuclear division defect of cdc20-1 cells. However, the previously characterized mutation cdc4-1 and a new allele, cdc4-12, do not alleviate the defect of cdc20-1 cells. This genetic interaction suggests an additional role for Cdc4 in G(2)/M. Reexamination of the cdc4-1 mutant revealed that, in addition to being defective in the onset of S phase, it is also defective in G(2)/M transition when released from hydroxyurea-induced S-phase arrest. A second function for CDC4 in late S or G(2) phase was further confirmed by the observation that cells lacking the CDC4 gene are arrested both at G(1)/S and at G(2)/M. We subsequently isolated additional temperature-sensitive mutations in the CDC4 gene (such as cdc4-12) that render the mutant defective in both G(1)/S and G(2)/M transitions at the restrictive temperature. While the G(1)/S block in both cdc4-12 and cdc4Delta mutants is abolished by the deletion of the SIC1 gene (causing the mutants to be arrested predominantly in G(2)/M), the preanaphase arrest in the cdc4-12 mutant is relieved by the deletion of PDS1. Collectively, these observations suggest that, in addition to its involvement in the initiation of S phase, Cdc4 may also be required for the onset of anaphase.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|