Reference: Nobrega FG and Tzagoloff A (1980) Assembly of the mitochondrial membrane system. DNA sequence and organization of the cytochrome b gene in Saccharomyces cerevisiae D273-10B. J Biol Chem 255(20):9828-37

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Abstract


The mitochondrial genomes of cytoplasmic "petite" (rho-) mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae have been used to sequence the cytochrome b gene. A continuous sequence of 6.2 kilobase pairs has been obtained from 71.4 to 80.2 units of the wild type map. This region contains all the cytochromeb mutations previously assigned to the cob1 and cob2 genetic loci. Analysis of the DNA sequence has revealed that in the strain D273-10B, the cytochrome b gene is composed of three exons. The longest exon (b1) codes for the first 252 to 253 amino acids from the NH2-terminal end of the protein. The next two exons (b2 and b3) code for 16 to 18 and 115 to 116 amino acids, respectively. The complete cytochrome b polypeptide chain consists of 385 amino acids. Based on the amino acid composition, the yeast protein has a molecular weight of 44,000. The three exon regions of the cytochrome b gene are separated by two introns. The intron between b1 and b2 is 1414 nucleotides long and contains a reading frame that is continuous with the reading frame of exon b1. This intron sequence is potentially capable of coding for another protein of 384 amino acid residues. The second intron is 733 nucleotides long. This sequence is rich in A + T and includes a G + C cluster that may be involved in processing of the cytochrome b messenger. The organization of the cytochrome b region in S. cerevisiae D273-10B is somewhat less complex than has been reported for other yeast strains i which exon b1 appears to be further fragmented into three smaller exons.

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Journal Article
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Nobrega FG, Tzagoloff A
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