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Reference: Huttenhofer A, et al. (1990) A novel type of + 1 frameshift suppressor: a base substitution in the anticodon stem of a yeast mitochondrial serine-tRNA causes frameshift suppression. EMBO J 9(2):551-8

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Abstract

We have identified a spontaneous mitochondrial mutation, mfs-1 (mitochondrial frameshift suppressor-1), which suppresses a + 1 frameshift mutation localized in the yeast mitochondrial oxi1 gene. The suppressor strain exhibits a single base change (C to U) at position 42 of the mitochondrial serine-tRNA (UCN). To our knowledge, this is the first reported case showing that a mutation in the anticodon stem of a tRNA can cause frameshift suppression. The expression and aminoacylation of the mutant tRNASer(UCN) are not significantly affected. However, the base change at position 42 has two effects: first, residue U27 of the mutant tRNA is not modified to pseudouridine as observed in wild-type tRNASer(UCN). Second, the base change and/or the lack of modification of U27 leads to an alteration in the secondary/tertiary structure of the mutant tRNA. It is possible that there are such structural changes in the anticodon loop that enable the tRNA to read a four base codon, UCCA, thus restoring the wild-type reading frame.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Huttenhofer A, Weiss-Brummer B, Dirheimer G, Martin RP
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