We have identified a spontaneous mitochondrial mutation, mfs-1 (mitochondrial frameshift suppressor-1), which suppresses a + 1 frameshift mutation localized in the yeast mitochondrial oxi1 gene. The suppressor strain exhibits a single base change (C to U) at position 42 of the mitochondrial serine-tRNA (UCN). To our knowledge, this is the first reported case showing that a mutation in the anticodon stem of a tRNA can cause frameshift suppression. The expression and aminoacylation of the mutant tRNASer(UCN) are not significantly affected. However, the base change at position 42 has two effects: first, residue U27 of the mutant tRNA is not modified to pseudouridine as observed in wild-type tRNASer(UCN). Second, the base change and/or the lack of modification of U27 leads to an alteration in the secondary/tertiary structure of the mutant tRNA. It is possible that there are such structural changes in the anticodon loop that enable the tRNA to read a four base codon, UCCA, thus restoring the wild-type reading frame.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|